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 [b][size=18]Conditional type 3[/size][/b]

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تاريخ التسجيل : 06/02/2009
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MessageSujet: [b][size=18]Conditional type 3[/size][/b]   Mer 25 Fév - 14:43

Like the other conditionals, a third conditional sentence consists of two clauses, an "if" clause and a main clause:

if clause main clause explanation
If I had studied harder, I would have passed the exam. I failed the exam, because I didn't study hard enough.

If the "if" clause comes first, a comma is usually used. If the "if" clause comes second, there is no need for a comma:

main clause if clause
I probably would have passed the exam . if I had studied harder.

We use different verb forms in each part of a third conditional:

if clause if + subject + past perfect verb*
main clause subject + would (OR could, OR might) have + past participle

*The past perfect is formed with the auxiliary verb "had", and the past participle (or third form) of the verb.

Note also that third conditional forms can be contracted:

Full form If I had studied harder, I probably would have passed the exam.
Contracted form If I'd studied harder, I probably would've passed the exam.


Using the third conditional
The third conditional is used to talk about things which DID NOT HAPPEN in the past. If your native language does not have a similar construction, you may find this a little strange, but it can be very useful. It is often used to express criticism or regret:

Example Explanation
If you had driven more carefully, you would not have had an accident. Criticism: You had an accident because you didn't drive carefully enough.
If we had played a little better, we could have won the game. Regret: We didn't play well, so we lost the game.
If you had saved your money, you could have bought a computer. Criticism: You didn't save your money, so now you can't afford a computer.
If it had snowed, we could have gone skiing. Regret: It didn't snow, so we couldn't go skiing
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[b][size=18]Conditional type 3[/size][/b]
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